BC314 - Chan and Its Impact on Japanese and Chinese Culture
Chan is the Chinese sound-translation for the Prakrits “jhāna” and Sanskrit “dhyāna”. Abhidharma explains four dhyānas in the realm of form, preceded by a preparatory path. Sarvāstivāda Yogācāra texts explain the practice of dhyāna. The Indian background, combined with Chinese and Japanese developments explain Chan/Zen. Classical Chan is the practice of Mazu Daoyi (709-788). Many groups were formed. Linji (Rinzai) and Caodong (Sōtō) are best known.